Marc Chagall (Witebsk 1887 - 1985 St. Paul de Vence) ohne Titel in "Dessins pour la Bible" Verve (Nr. 37-38) Farbkreidezeichnung und Tusche 1960 35,5 x 50,5 cm sign. dat. bez.

Untill November 26, 2011 – Galerie Boisserée

Marc Chagall was a Russian-French artist associated with several major artistic styles and one of the most successful artists of the 20th century. He was an early modernist, and created works in virtually every artistic medium, including painting, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramic, tapestries and fine art prints.

Art critic Robert Hughes referred to Chagall as “the quintessential Jewish artist of the twentieth century.” According to art historian Michael J. Lewis, Chagall was considered to be “the last survivor of the first generation of European modernists.” For decades, he had also been respected as the world’s preeminent Jewish artist. Using the medium of stained glass, he produced windows for the cathedrals of Reims and Metz, windows for the UN, and the Jerusalem Windows in Israel. He also did large-scale paintings, including part of the ceiling of the Paris Opéra.

Before World War I, he traveled between St. Petersburg, Paris, and Berlin. During this period he created his own mixture and style of modern art based on his idea of Eastern European Jewish folk culture. He spent the wartime years in Soviet Belarus, becoming one of the country’s most distinguished artists and a member of the modernist avante-garde, initiating the Vitebsk Arts College before leaving again for Paris during 1922.

Marc Chagall (Witebsk 1887 - 1985 St. Paul de Vence) "Les fleurs rouges" (Die roten Blumen) Farblithographie 1973 76 x 56 cm Abb. 60 x 43 cm sign. num. Auflage ca. 64 Exemplare Mourlot 705

had two basic reputations, writes Lewis: as a pioneer of modernism and as a major Jewish artist. He experienced modernism’s “golden age” in Paris, where he synthesized the art forms of Cubism, Symbolism, and Fauvism, and the influence of Fauvism gave rise to Surrealism. Yet throughout these phases of his style, he remained most emphatically a Jewish artist, whose work was one long dreamy reverie of life in his native village of Vitebsk. When Matisse dies, Pablo Picasso remarked during the 1950s, “Chagall will be the only painter left who understands what colour really is.”

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